this gives a graphic picture of what the brits did.
since the american guy did not have much of an axe to grind, one has to assume he was being candid and truthful. and other evidence, eg. mike davis ('late victorian holocausts') supports what he says. the reason the british are still prosperous is because they raped india.
india is not poor because it doesn't have the ability to generate capital -- look at the capital formation there in just the last five years -- but because it was just *taken away* by the british then (and now by other white guys like quattrochi and lots of politicans who stash it away in numbered swiss accounts eg. natwar singh).
interestingly, india's growth is driven principally by domestically generated capital, unlike china's. also india uses its capital a lot more effectively -- that is, factor productivity is much greater -- than china.