Wednesday, January 31, 2018

Fwd: The Maya maths revolution


---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Rajeev Mantri


Some in India tend to look down on Vedic maths:

The Maya maths revolution

Children in Mexico are learning maths using methods invented by their ancestors, writes Jude Webber

Four little beans

Mary Carmen Che Chi teaches Maya maths to a class of six to eight-year-olds in a school for indigenous children in rural Yucatán

In a classroom in south-east Mexico, eight-year-old Verónica Yuritzi Martín Puc's hand shoots up with the answer. On her desk is a sheet of paper with a simple grid drawn on it. She has put two dried black beans in one of the squares on her grid and a shell of dried pasta in another. More beans, pasta and some thin wooden blocks lie unused in piles on the desk.

Yuri, as she is known, is learning maths — but not the way most children do. Instead, she is following a method invented thousands of years ago by her Maya ancestors.

In a bid to fix an education system that struggles to teach children the most basic numeracy and literacy skills, Yuri's teachers have gone old school — literally. They are breathing new life into the ancient counting system that helped the Maya become some of the world's most sophisticated early mathematicians and astronomers.

Celtún, the tiny village of thatched huts where Yuri lives, is in the state of Yucatán, less than an hour's drive from Chichén Itzá, one of the most stunning ruined cities of the Maya civilisation, which flourished across southern Mexico and Central America. Scholars believe it originated around 2000BC, peaking in its classical era from AD200 to AD900.

Yuri (left) at her desk, starts a new calculation on her paper grid

Yuri (left) at her desk, starts a new calculation on her paper grid

The potential benefits of Maya maths for early learning are huge. Proponents of the method say simple sums can be mastered even by preschool children, as soon as they are able to count. More complicated maths, including multiplication, division and square roots, can also be worked out using the Maya tablero, or grid.

More importantly, the children are learning to think analytically without knowing it, using a method that makes abstract mathematical concepts tangible. Training children in logical thinking also gives them emotional and social advantages — the power to challenge inconsistencies where they discover them.

'I'm trying to get them to reason without them realising'

The Ignacio Ramírez Calzada primary school, where Yuri studies, began teaching the Maya system last September. New headmaster, José Manuel Cen Kauil, who teaches the school's only other class (of nine to 11-year-olds), wanted to improve basic maths skills. Aside from an initial investment in teacher training, the method has been almost laughably low-cost. His class uses grids drawn on cardboard, dried corn kernels for units and slim strips of cardboard for bars.

Headmaster José Manuel Cen Kauil believes that learning through play is paramount

Headmaster José Manuel Cen Kauil believes that learning through play is paramount

"It's empowering," says Manuel Gil Antón, a sociologist at the Colegio de México in Mexico City and an education specialist. "Maths itself is not the objective," he says. "These teachers in the Yucatán are not aiming to teach maths per se. It's a tool… it's about consolidating elementary structures of logic, which fundamentally benefits abstract thought. Maths is at the service of logical structure."

Mastering logical processes through maths — being able to grasp, for example, that if A is bigger than B, which is bigger than C, then A is bigger than C — is a crucial stepping stone to developing critical thought during early childhood, he says.

Yuri eats a lunch of tortilla and beans at home in the remote village of Celtún

Yuri eats a lunch of tortilla and beans at home in the remote village of Celtún

In a country like Mexico, where social divides run deep, empowering children from less privileged backgrounds and giving them confidence is crucial. The method has also put the region's indigenous pupils, who can speak Maya but are sometimes more at home in Spanish these days, back in touch with their heritage. In indigenous schools, like Yuri's, the children learn in both Maya and Spanish.

"It's not the only strategy, but it is practical and simple," says Enrique Cetina, a Yucatán region indigenous education supervisor and an advocate for the methodology. "We have tried to make maths more direct, more practical — maths for life."

The children act out a life-size Maya grid, representing the dots and bars with their own bodies

The children act out a life-size Maya grid, representing the dots and bars with their own bodies

Mr Cen Kauil wants to try teaching his students chess next. He believes in the importance of learning through play. In his small classroom, under the whirr of an overhead fan, he lays coloured mats out on the floor to make a giant grid. This time the children themselves represent the units or bars, running on to the mats to compose the numbers as he calls them out.

It is boisterous and the children are loving it as they cram on to the squares, correcting each other and laughing. "I'm trying to get them to reason without them realising," he says. "I haven't got a magic wand — results don't come overnight — but we have to stick at it and be patient."

The homesick physicist

Professor Luis Fernando Magaña at the National Autonomous University of Mexico in Mexico City

Yuri and her classmates have access to Maya maths today thanks to a chance encounter that took place nearly 40 years ago.

In 1979, a few months after Luis Fernando Magaña had arrived to study for his doctorate in physics at McMaster University in Toronto, a visiting cultural delegation from Yucatán arrived in town. After the shock of Canada's sub-zero temperatures, the delegation was a welcome reminder of home. The visitors showed off their colourful dances, fine cuisine, artefacts and books.

At one of their events, Prof Magaña chanced upon a copy of An Account of the Things of Yucatán, a seminal 16th-century work on the culture and traditions of the Maya, as observed by bishop Fray Diego de Landa, a former inquisitor and one of the first Franciscan missionaries to arrive in Yucatán.

Back in Mexico, Prof Magaña, who also has an undergraduate degree in mathematics, decided to share what he had discovered. In the late 1980s, he was teaching an evening class for postgraduates in quantum mechanics but found his students were drifting off by the end of the first hour.

"So I started teaching them Maya maths," he says — a kind of intellectual diversion for well-trained minds. "They were fascinated. They asked for more — they were like little kids."

Take the Maya maths masterclass: addition with Prof Magaña

Masterclass part 2: subtraction with Prof Magaña

Soon, the professor was being invited to talk about Maya maths at conferences in Spain and Italy — he had had the idea of adapting the method to a base 10 to make it simpler for students brought up on the decimal system. But it was not until about a decade ago, at a congress in the Spanish city of Murcia, that he first saw how Maya maths could be a breakthrough for children with learning difficulties.

There, he met a mathematician whose dyslexic six-year-old was struggling at school. The father went home to teach her the method and "in one afternoon, the girl had learned addition, subtraction and multiplication", he says. That success gave Prof Magaña renewed impetus. "I felt guilty — why not teach it in Mexico?"

Book bags made of recycled sacks hang in front of a poster about the ancient Maya

Book bags made of recycled sacks hang in front of a poster about the ancient Maya

The obvious place to start was in his native state of Yucatán, but first he would have to convince the state ministry's heads of indigenous education. Their main objection was Prof Magaña's divergence from the traditional vigesimal base.

"If you want to rescue your heritage, you have to make it useful," the professor argued. The officials lapsed into a heated discussion in Maya. "I thought it was rude," he remembers, "I was about to walk out when the head of indigenous education raised his hand and said: 'When do you want to start?' I said: 'Tomorrow.'"

That was in 2009. Prof Magaña asked officials to gather a dozen volunteer teachers for him to train; the officials summoned 300. The following year, indigenous schools in the Yucatán began adding Maya maths to their curriculum. Since a change of state government in 2015 the scheme has continued in a more ad-hoc way.

Spreading the word

Children at the Escuela Modelo, a private school In the state capital of Mérida, are learning the system

Does Maya maths have a future beyond Yucatán's indigenous schools?

Professionals believe that, with the right political will, it could easily be rolled out across Mexico. New national curriculum guidelines, unveiled last year, include as key goals "mathematical reasoning" and engendering a "favourable attitude" towards maths in children by the end of primary school. "Playful maths workshops" are one approach suggested by the guidelines.

Maths is one of the areas in which Mexican students are failing most comprehensively, according to the OECD's latest Pisa evaluations, which assess student performance around the world at age 15. Despite being Latin America's second-biggest economy, Mexico ranks bottom of the class in maths among OECD member countries and 58th overall, of the 72 nations ranked.

Some 57 per cent of Mexican students fail to reach the baseline proficiency in maths — significantly worse than the OECD average of 23 per cent.

In Yucatán, indigenous state schools have been among the worst performers — in 2006, only 0.1 per cent of students in those schools achieved "excellent" grades in maths, while nearly half displayed "insufficient" performance.

Things were not much different by 2010: 3.1 per cent of students reached "excellent" and 41.3 per cent were classed as "insufficient". But then, things started to change. By 2011, 8.3 per cent of students in indigenous state schools were achieving "excellent" grades in maths (second only to private schools), while the proportion ranked as "insufficient" had shrunk to 29.4 per cent.

It is hard to say for sure whether the introduction of Maya maths in indigenous schools was the reason for the uptick but, in the same year, the performance of the best and worst students in all other categories of schools hardly changed. Only indigenous schools saw such a dramatic improvement in maths.

Guillermina Pérez has been teaching Maya maths alongside conventional maths to her private-school students since 2012

Guillermina Pérez has been teaching Maya maths alongside conventional maths to her private-school students since 2012

Whatever the data say, teachers at the forefront of the Maya maths experiment are convinced it is having a positive effect. Guillermina Pérez is a teacher at the Escuela Modelo, a private school in the Yucatán state capital, Mérida, that has been teaching Maya maths since the start of the 2012 school year.

Ms Pérez has been surprised and delighted to see how students baffled by a concept in conventional maths understand it when using the Maya method.

"It helps [pupils] take decisions, it gives them security, enables them to reflect — what do I have to do, what's next? This is a very important process in the use of Maya maths," she says.

Escuela Modelo's headmistress, Trinidad Díaz, on the psychological benefit that learning Maya maths has on young children 

Trinidad Díaz, Escuela Modelo's headmistress, says she had been hunting for a more effective way to teach maths when she heard about Prof Magaña's method. Her school teaches the Maya system to both preschool-age and primary students alongside conventional maths. She finds it helps both the confident learners and those having difficulties.

"We've seen the benefits gradually and I'd venture to say that we haven't seen them all yet," Ms Díaz says.

"They don't stay at the same level they would be at with traditional or conventional maths. If, say, we're working on addition and subtraction and they master that, [they say] 'Give me more, teacher', and the teacher moves on to multiplication and division, even if the curriculum doesn't require it yet. We manage to cover more [ground] than we generally can before the end of primary school."

Prof Magaña on the importance of building self-confidence among the children of indigenous communities

Prof Magaña is most thrilled by the prospect of seeing children develop self-confidence. Today, he says, in a country blighted by racism and deep gulfs between rich and poor, this 2,000-year-old maths method is a fantastic leveller. Children from poor, indigenous communities are all too often left with bleak educational prospects and next to no career options, he says.

"Any child from indigenous communities, or anyone at all, who is taught to think analytically, correctly — I'd like to see who makes fun of them later on. That's the point," he says. "So this is a powerful tool in a country like Mexico, or anywhere in the world. Poor maths teaching becomes one more cause of social inequality."

If you would like to experiment with more complicated Maya maths, including multiplication, division and square roots, email jude.webber@ft.com or leave a request in the comments below this story.

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Fwd: Is Israel Pakistan enemy+China’s increasing interference abroad+India’s biggest threat POPULATION explosion+Another Chinese Base in Indian Ocean


---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Sanjeev Nayyar

'The imprint is that of ancient India, Hindu and Buddhist. Secular notions have inhibited the celebration of these historical bonds. If secular Europe can acknowledge the Judeo-Christian roots of its civilisation.
should not hesitate to leverage its rich links with Asean to deepen people level exchanges. 
But Asean harbours the sentiment that India's commitment to Asean remains phlegmatic. Whether it is an issue of means or will can be contested. The theme of the India-Asean commemorative summit - Shared Values, Common Destiny - charts out our future course."
 
2. India has forgotten its own realist strategic thought 26.1.18 by Brahma C https://chellaney.net/2018/01/26/india-has-forgotten-its-own-realist-strategic-thought/ 
 
3. The LOC ceasefire in the context of the times 27.1.18 by Syed Ata H https://swarajyamag.com/defence/the-loc-ceasefire-in-the-context-of-the-times
 
4.
Gadhoo – Another Chinese Base in Indian Ocean? 26.1.18 by Lt Gen Prakash Katoch http://www.indiandefencereview.com/news/gadhoo-another-chinese-base-in-indian-ocean/
 
 
6. India's biggest threat POPULATION explosion 26.1.18 by R N Malik http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/comment/india-is-in-a-now-or-never-situation/534082.html
 
7. Bollywood superstar Aamir Khan softens Sino-India communications 29.1.18 http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1086932.shtml
 
 
9. Is Israel Pakistan enemy 29.1.18 by Kamran Y https://tribune.com.pk/story/1620736/6-israel-pakistans-enemy/
 
warm regards
sanjeev
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Pak Seeking Major Escalation Through Proxies

Sensing an impending hardening of the US stance towards it, Pakistan is seeking to radically escalate violence in Afghanistan and Indian Kashmir, in the hopes of putting its enemies on the back foot. The Trump administration has decided to adopt a more aggressive strategy against Pakistan's Taliban proxies in Afghanistan. Furthermore, the US is considering applying targeted sanctions against select Pakistani military & terrorist leaders, in the same way it has against members of the Russian govt and Putin's supporters.

This decision by Pakistan's current military leadership is similar to Musharraf's 1998 decision to launch the Kargil invasion after suffering US sanctions in response to its nuclear tests. When put under duress, Pakistan chose to hit out offensively through a major military escalation. Likewise, as it comes under increasing duress now, it will attempt to do something similar.





Monday, January 29, 2018

Trump Won't Talk to Taliban

Trump rules out talks with Taliban, in the wake of massive bomb attacks in Kabul:





India feels the US can do more. Pakistan of course denies its role in such attacks:




Sunday, January 28, 2018

China's New "Polar Silk Road" Route

China has more recently been looking at opening up a "Polar Silk Road" route that travels north of China and through Arctic waters to get to Europe:

https://www.ft.com/content/a53ebabc-0268-11e8-9650-9c0ad2d7c5b5


If such a route were to be developed and be significantly used by China, it could reduce the leverage of India's sea denial strategy for potentially blockading Chinese shipping through the Indian ocean. It could also increase Russian fears of Chinese encroachment in the long run, as Russia also has designs on the resources of the Arctic, including particularly oil & gas resources.

https://www.wsj.com/articles/a-new-cold-war-china-declares-itself-a-near-arctic-state-1516965315?mod=fox_australian


The Polar route would really only be open during the summer months though, and would be frozen during the winter.


Is Kamal Haasan A New Kejriwal?

Lucknow-born Kamal Hassan has suddenly thrown his hat into the arena of Tamil Nadu politics. He's giving off a variety of political signals - sometimes talking of Dravidian identity, sometimes talking about Indian nationalism. He's also in the past espoused phrases like "Gandhian Marxism". The only clear statement he's ever given about his politics, is in saying "saffron is not my colour".




Saturday, January 27, 2018

India & China Reinforce Airbases Near Doklam

Stratfor reports that India and China have eached augmented their forces at airbases nearby the Doklam plateau:

Friday, January 26, 2018

Neodämmerung

“Neodämmerung” from Matrix Revolutions


  • असतो मा सद् गमय ।
    तमसो मा ज्योतिर्गमय ।
    मृत्योर्माऽमृतं गमय ॥
    From the unreal (delusion) lead me to the real (truth).
    From the darkness lead me to the light.
    From death lead me to immortality.
    -- Brihad Aranyaka (1.3.28)


  • विद्यां चाविद्यां च यस्तद्वेदोभयँ सह ।
    अविद्यया मृत्युं तीर्त्वा विद्ययाऽमृतमश्नुते ॥
    Pursuing both Vidya and Avidya, he overcomes death by transcending them -- Isha Upanishad (11)   .. (pursuing Vidya alone leads to pride/delusion)


  • यस्मिन् द्यौः पृथिवी चान्तरिक्षमोतं ।
    मनः सह प्राणैश्च सर्वैः ।
    तमेवैकं जानथ आत्मानमन्या वाचो ।
    विमुञ्चथामृतस्यैष सेतुः ॥
    In him are woven the sky and the earth and all the regions of the air.
    And in him rest the mind and all the powers of life.
    Know him as the One and leave aside all other words.
    He is the bridge of immortality -- Mundaka Upanishad (2.2.5)


  • इन्द्रियेभ्यः परं मनो मनसः सत्त्वमुत्तमम् ।
    सत्त्वादधि महानात्मा महतोऽव्यक्तमुत्तमम् ॥
    Beyond the senses is the mind, and beyond the mind is reason, its essence. Beyond reason is the Spirit in man, and beyond this is the Spirit of the Universe, the evolver of all. -- Katha Upanishad (6.7)


  • यदा पञ्चावतिष्ठन्ते ज्ञानानि मनसा सह ।
    बुद्धिश्च न विचेष्टते तामाहुः परमां गतिम् ।
    भिद्यते हृदयग्रन्थिश्छिद्यन्ते सर्वसंशयाः ॥
    When the five senses and the mind are still. And reason itself rests in silence, then begins the Path supreme -- Katha Upanishad (6.10)


  • भिद्यते हृदयग्रन्थिश्छिद्यन्ते सर्वसंशयाः ।
    क्षीयन्ते चास्य कर्माणि तस्मिन् दृष्टे परावरे ॥
    And when he is seen in his immanence and transcendence, then the ties that have bound the heart are unloosened. The doubts of the mind vanish, and the law of Karma works no more -- Mundaka Upanishad (2.2.8)






  • The Matrix Wiki

Thursday, January 25, 2018

Fwd: Afghanistan on a slow fuse+The arc to Southeast India+New Delhi forum props up ‘Quad’ stance, refuses to listen to China voice


---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Sanjeev Nayyar


 
2. Import for India in this Outreach as led by PM Modi 24.1.18 by Kanwal Sibal http://businessworld.in/article/-Import-For-India-In-This-India-s-Outreach-As-Led-By-PM-Modi-/24-01-2018-138228/
 
3. ASEAN Heads – A Diplomatic Coup 25.1.18 by G Parthasarathy http://www.tribuneindia.com/news/comment/a-diplomatic-coup/533723.html
Others like Laos and Cambodia do not appear uncomfortable at all with Chinese policies. It is only Vietnam and Indonesia which appear prepared to assert their rights on territorial issues.
Vietnam has insisted on moving ahead with oil exploration along its maritime frontiers. India, in turn, is going ahead with oil exploration contracts with Vietnam, noting that the ONGC exploration is not connected with territorial disputes.
 
4. Is it time to revise India's nuclear policy 24.1.18 by Pradip Sagar http://www.theweek.in/books/is-it-time-to-revise-india-nuclear-doctrine.html
 
Over the last 16 years, civilian casualties have mounted to 31,000, increasing progressively to over 4,000 a year. The Afghan security forces are losing nearly 7,000 men a year
The U.S. has contributed significant blood and treasure, spending over a trillion dollars (considerably more if long-term veterans' care is included) and losing more than 2,400 lives in pursuing the longest war in its history.
 
But it is no match for China's regional profile which is largely about viewing Southeast Asia as its backyard. India's economic focus too is not in tune with other regional powers which view ASEAN as an important market for exports and investments. India's export sector remains weak.
The three Cs of commerce, connectivity and culture have been highlighted but a more granular perspective is needed in terms of a forging a forward-looking approach.
the Indian IT sector may take some advantage of the seeming reluctance of ASEAN states to put all their eggs in the Chinese basket. India as a facilitator of the ASEAN-wide digital economy would not only challenge China but also emerge as an economic guarantor of its own.
In this context, prompt completion of the India-Myanmar-Thailand Trilateral Highway, which will run from Moreh in Manipur to Mae Sot in Thailand via Myanmar, is key
 
7. New Delhi forum props up 'Quad' stance, refuses to listen to China voice OPED 25.1.18 http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1086591.shtml
 
8. Let saner advice prevail 25.1.18 by Talat Masood https://tribune.com.pk/story/1617140/6-let-saner-advice-prevail/
 
9. India needs to take the Chinese threat at Doklam seriously 25.1.18 by Minhaz Merchant https://www.dailyo.in/politics/doklam-crisis-indo-china-relations-pakistan-us-india-ties-harry-harris-bipin-rawat/story/1/21965.html
 
Warm Regards
sanjeev nayyar
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Fwd: Pakistan’s Dam despair+DOKLAM Phase 2 will test India more than phase+US no longer predominates in South China Sea


---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Sanjeev Nayyar


Reading the Global Times it is clear that Mind Games are a clear part of China's 2018 India Strategy. No wonder GT has a separate section for India. They want to weaken Indian resolve. Having said that some points are well made and a reality check for over-enthusiastic Indians.
 
Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte has shown that the US could be defied with little consequence. North Korea's Kim Jong-un has treated Trump's tweet bluster with rants of his own, and in the face of the dangerous complexities of the situation in the Korean peninsula, the US is compelled to seek China's help in controlling the worst from happening. Even South Korea is defying the US calls to isolate and sanction the North Korean regime.
 
 
SN – India is escalating border firing, not only its own doing. Are border firings the only way to deal with Pakistan. What about stopping Trade at Wagah Border?
 
3. DOKLAM Phase 2 will test India more than phase 1 23.1.18 MINT editorial http://www.livemint.com/Opinion/5ZTEKWGtdv0M6A0BWM7g1L/Doklam-phase-II-will-test-India-more-than-phase-I.html
 
Pakistan's determination to build the Diamer Basha Dam (DBD) project with indigenous funding may prove even more difficult than obtaining foreign funding.
 
5. India can't become global economic giant until domestic multinationals flourish 22.1.18 http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1086068.shtml To accelerate its economic growth, India needs its own high-quality companies, and to have its own top-tier multinationals, India needs to cultivate a more open environment for entrepreneurship.
 
6. Ghani's admission and Afghan conflict 23.1.18 https://tribune.com.pk/story/1615342/6-ghanis-admission-afghan-conflict/
 
7. China's domestically made aircraft carrier better than India's: military experts 22.1.18 http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1086000.shtml
 
8. US no longer predominates in South China Sea 22.1.18 OPED http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1086049.shtml
 
Warm Regards
sanjeev nayyar
to unsubscribe write back



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Monday, January 22, 2018

Quick notes: Trump quotes Modi, IRS 2017...

  • Trump quotes Modi to support Afghanistan stand: Senior administration officials said that the president has been known to affect an Indian accent and imitate Indian PM Narendra Modi, who in an Oval Office meeting last year told him, “Never has a country given so much away for so little in return” as the United States in Afghanistan. To Trump, Modi’s statement was proof that the rest of the world viewed the United States as being duped and taken advantage of in Afghanistan, these officials said. 


  • 'We will tear them down': Turkey launches attack on US-backed Kurds in northern Syria 


  • Really? Chinese engineering has become so advanced that Germany has begun talks to buy sophisticated aerospace technology and manufacturing equipment for the production of high-performance jet engines.... China's next aircraft carrier will be a Massive Leap Forward


  • China to create new forests the size of Ireland: The govt is currently promoting an “ecological red line” program which will force provinces and regions to restrict “irrational development” and curb construction near rivers, forests and national parks.


  • Survey: India's richest 1% grabbed 73% of wealth generation in 2017


  • IRS 2017: No English dailies in top 10 



Documentary on Surgical Strikes

The History Channel recently aired a documentary on Indian Army's surgical strikes against Pakistan's terror camps to avenge the Uri attack - here are some highlights:




Jared Kushner May Be Target of Chinese Influence

Trump's son-in-law and advisor Jared Kushner may be the focus of Chinese attempts to gain influence in the Trump Whitehouse:


Afghans Award Trump 'Medal of Bravery'

Afghans of Logar province were so happy at US President Donald Trump's tough stance against Pakistan over its support to terror, that they collected money to have a gold medallion made as an 'award of bravery' for Trump:


https://www.timesofindia.com/world/pakistan/afghans-from-logar-province-award-trump-a-medal-of-bravery-for-being-tough-on-pakistan/articleshow/62517930.cms

Sunday, January 21, 2018

Eyewitnesses Describe 26/11-Style Attack on Kabul Hotel

Eyewitness accounts describe an attack on Kabul's Intercontinental Hotel which bears a close resemblance to the 26-11 attack on Mumbai:

http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-42766623

The terrorist attackers went after foreign guests in particular, since foreign deaths are more likely to grab international attention. Unnamed Afghan security officials are saying that the attack was a joint collaboration of ISI & the Haqqani network.




India should be wary - there's always the possibility that Pakistan could carry out a similar attack on India to make it look impotent.

The recent border firings across LOC that have claimed a dozen Pakistani soldiers' lives are occurring right after the launch of Cartosat-2F. Its realtime high-resolution video allows Indian jawans to have the upper hand in any engagement.

Movie Review: Salyut-7

In 1985, Soviet cosmonauts are sent to rescue the out-of-control space station Salyut-7, with which contact has been lost:




Like "Apollo 13", this Russian-made movie is based on real life events and is full of gripping suspense and drama, so if you enjoyed the former, you'll enjoy this one too. Special FX are even better than the movie "Gravity" (shocking fact: the movie was made for only $7 million USD)

Fwd: Dharma Civilization Foundation - Obituary Announcement - Prof. Shiva G Bajpai


---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Kalyan Viswanathan <kalyan@dcfusa.org>
Date: Sun, Jan 21, 2018 at 1:22 PM
Subject: Dharma Civilization Foundation - Obituary Announcement - Prof. Shiva G Bajpai
To: 



If you're having trouble viewing this email, you may see it online

 

 

 

Prof. Shiva G Bajpai

(July 13, 1933 – January 13, 2018)

 

Dear Friends & Supporters of DCF,

With great sadness, the Board of Directors of Dharma Civilization Foundation, announce that our Founding President, Dr. Shiva Bajpai, passed away on Saturday January 13th 2017. 

Dr. Shiva G. Bajpai, as a Professor of History, taught at California State University Northridge (CSUN) from 1970 to 2003 and continued to offer classes at CSUN until 2010.  Professor Bajpai's teaching focused on the history of India and World History, and he created and directed the Asian Studies interdisciplinary major at CSUN from its inception.  He came to CSUN by way of Banaras, India, London, and the University of Minnesota.  After completing his B. A. and M. A. at the Banaras Hindu University, Bajpai then taught for several years at the Banaras Hindu University and the University of Gorakhpur.   Professor Bajpai undertook graduate work at London's School of Oriental and African Studies with Professor A. L. Basham, receiving his Ph. D. in the history of classical and medieval India in 1967.   He then moved to the University of Minnesota to work as the co-author and co-editor of a magisterial work, the Historical Atlas of South Asia, which was published in 1978 and updated in 1992, which remains the standard in the field and the essential tool for understanding the "wonder that was (and still is) India" to create the book "The History of Hindu India" intended for middle school as a corrective to the erroneous material common in the officially prescribed textbooks. The book has also been turned into a well-received five-part documentary series available on Hinduism Today. When Professor Bajpai retired from active teaching, he found himself engulfed in a new struggle that came to be called the "California Text-Book controversy", which centered on the teaching of the history of India and Hinduism in California K-12 schools.

From 2005 to 2009, he worked with the staff of You Tube.  His encounter with the existing entrenched challenges in the narratives about Hinduism in the academy, further led him to the founding of Dharma Civilization Foundation. Serving as its first President and a trustee, Bajpai helped guide and shape its mission, which was to "facilitate and promote" the understanding of India's Civilization, Religion and Culture through education,  by establishment of centers, endowed chairs at undergraduate and graduate colleges and universities, new courses, scholarship, and journals. In this capacity, Professor Bajpai guided Dharma Civilization Foundation in creating the Center for Dharma Studies at the Graduate Theological Union, Berkeley, California, in a very short period of time. DCF is now involved in several initiatives both in California and around the world at all levels of higher education. 

We celebrate the life of Prof. Shiva Bajpai, and will deeply miss him, even as we rededicate ourselves to the vision and mission of Dharma Civilization Foundation, that he helped create and nurture.

 

Board of Trustees & Executive Team of DCF

Promoting the Understanding of India's Civilization, Religion and Culture through Education 

www.dcfusa.org       19010 Tribune Street, Porter Ranch, CA 91326    info@dcfusa.org

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Saturday, January 20, 2018

Fwd: [New post] Cultural Misappropriation: The spiritual deceits of Jules Monchanin, Henri Le Saux and Bede Griffiths – Aravindan Neelakandan


---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Ishwar Sharan
Date: Sun, Jan 21, 2018 at 3:01 AM
Subject: Fwd: [New post] Cultural Misappropriation: The spiritual deceits of Jules Monchanin, Henri Le Saux and Bede Griffiths – Aravindan Neelakandan
To:





All three articles on Bede Griffiths and gang by Aravindan Neelakandan
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are now published in one article
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.
Please click below and see it on site (as it is to big to put in a
​ ​
mail).
 - SDS



Admin posted: " Christian missionaries usurp Hindu spiritual and cultural heritage and call it 'cultural inclusiveness'. In reality, it is a theology of aggressive spiritual deceit. - Aravindan Neelakandan Recently the Outlook magazine came out with the feature arti"
Respond to this post by replying above this line

New post on Bharata Bharati

Cultural Misappropriation: The spiritual deceits of Jules Monchanin, Henri Le Saux and Bede Griffiths – Aravindan Neelakandan

Christian missionaries usurp Hindu spiritual and cultural heritage and call it 'cultural inclusiveness'. In reality, it is a theology of aggressive spiritual deceit. - Aravindan Neelakandan

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Quick notes: Incan temple, Volocopter...

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Friday, January 19, 2018

my piece on how our data is being stolen from right under our noses

most recently it was our thorium sands. now our valuable data is going.

Fwd: Rani-Ki-Vav Step-well Patan & Kitchens of India Special - eSamskriti.com


---------- Forwarded message ----------
From: Sanjeev Nayyar


Namaskar & Vanakkam Friends,

The Rani-ki Vav step-well is truly a wonder of India. Made over 850 years it continues to thrive. There is nothing in India like this. Visited the Brahma Kumaris headquarters at Abu road. Their kitchen is comparable to the best anywhere. Importantly food is cooked by followers with a spirit of Sewa. Besides this we take u down memory lane to show the langars at Sringeri Mutt, Golden Temple and the Annaamrita kitchen ISKCON in Mumbai.

1. Rani-ki-Vav step-well Patan Gujarat By Sanjeev Nayyar. It is known as the Queen of Step-wells. It made by queen Udaymati in memory of her husband Bhimdeva I in the first half of the 11th century. It measurer 64m long, 20m wide and 27m deep. The well is 100 feet deep. Sculptures are to be seen to be believed. It has 229 pillars. https://www.esamskriti.com/a/Gujarat/Rani-Ki-Vav-Patan.aspx

2. Brahma Kumaris Kitchen Abu road By Sanjeev Nayyar. Brahma Kumaris is known for practice of Raja Yoga. During a recent visit to their headquarters in Abu road, was surprised to see their kitchen. It is scientifically laid-out, very clean, highly mechanised and manned by devotees. Importantly devotees work with a sense of duty and add lots of love to the food.  https://www.esamskriti.com/a/Rajasthan/Brahma-Kumaris-Abu-road-KITCHEN.aspx

3. Sringeri Mutt Annashetras By Sanjeev Nayyar. During a 2012 Karnataka visit, went to the kitchens of Sringeri Mutt / Dharmasthala etc. Huge kitchens that at times served meals to 50,000 devotees on one day.  https://www.esamskriti.com/a/Karnataka/Annakshetra-Sringeri.aspx

4. Golden Temple Langar By Sanjeev Nayyar. The most famous langar. Awesome food. Sewa bhavna. Loved it. Pics from my 2012 visit.  https://www.esamskriti.com/a/Punjab/Golden-Temple-Langar.aspx

5. Annaamrita Kitchen Mumbai ISKCON By Sanjeev Nayyar . This kitchen makes mid-day meals for Mumbai's school children. About 50,000 meals a day. Food is cooked with devotion and area spotlessly clean.  https://www.esamskriti.com/a/Maharashtra/ISKCON-Annamrita-Mumbai.aspx

6. The Indian tradition of respecting and celebrating food By Probal Ray C. Why do we celebrate food and enjoy eating.  https://www.esamskriti.com/e/Culture/Indian-Culture/The-Indian-Tradition-of-Respecting-and-Celebrating-Food-1.aspx

warm regards

sanjeev nayyar

www.esamskriti.com, @esamskritiindia, www.facebook.com/eSamskriti

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