Tuesday, October 14, 2014

brahma chellaney on qualitative improvement in india's response to pak death by 1000 cuts

http://www.thehindu.com/opinion/lead/doctrine-of-graduated-escalation/article6501078.ece

Narendra Modi's cautious, measured start has masked his discreet gradualism. Border and other provocations are moulding his policy approach, founded on the premise that preventing hostile actions hinges on India's capacity and political will to impose deterrent costs as a response

The India-Pakistan "peace process" has produced a lot of process over the decades but no peace. While India is a vibrant, buoyant nation, Pakistan remains a notion in search of a national identity. Yet, given Pakistan's foundational loathing of India, many among Pakistani strategic elites still pine for India's unravelling or at least Balkanisation.

In this light, the Pakistani military has again escalated border tensions with India. Since the deadly 2008 Mumbai attacks it scripted, it has initiated intermittent exchanges of fire along the Line of Control (LoC), including this summer and then in recent days. This month's artillery exchanges along the LoC were unusual in terms of their ferocity and the sudden eruption in violence, resulting in the highest single-day death toll in over a decade.

Difficult road to peace

In provoking a second series of firing duels along the LoC since Prime Minister Narendra Modi took office, the Pakistani military establishment — which includes the rogue Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) — was doing more than using gunfire as cover to allow Pakistan-trained militants to infiltrate into India. It was also testing the resolve of India's new government while simultaneously undermining Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and derailing any prospect of a rapprochement with India.

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sent from samsung galaxy note, so please excuse brevity

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