Since agriculture is where half the Indian population is trying to make a living, it's worth looking further at what ails India's more miserable half, to figure out how to cure them.
Roots of rural distress:
Note that the govt is now putting forth a Wage Code bill:
Unfortunately, this bill creates a universal minimum wage across the entire country. Why not simply give local districts the power to set minimum wage? Surely it's obvious that minimum wage has a relationship with cost of living, and cost of living is not the same in all parts of the country. Why not give local districts the flexibility to compete in attracting jobs through the ability to set local minimum wage?