india is now the 5th largest phone market in the world, after china, the us, japan and germany. and shortly will become the 3rd largest.
penetration: 9% on average; of course this is a bit misleading as many middle class individuals have phones while whole sections of the poor don't. anyway this is a significant improvement from 2% penetration only a decade ago.
the effects of competition and the free market. this is exactly what the nehruvian stalinists and marxists tried their darnedest to prevent. they need shortages and poverty to justify their existence.