Both Dhirendra Shah and Srinivasan Kalyanaraman focus attention on a remarkable insight provided by the Cambridge Economic Historian, Angus Maddison who posited in his report to the OECD prior to the formation of the European Union, an economic history bar chart demonstrating how Ancient India contributed to 33% of World Gross Domestic Product with China accounting for about 24 percent. This statistic leads them into divergent enquiries. Dhirendra Shah provides a pen-picture of the contours of Indic Civilization: "An attempt is being made here to inquire and analyze the reasons for the Indic civilization's downfall from the most prosperous and enlighten country in the world till 1000 AD to a poor third world country at the time of independence from the British rule in 1947. The paper is divided into four parts: (1) Importance of teaching and study history in general and particularly the Indian history; (2) Sapta Sindhu/Saraswati/Vedic civilization beginning from approx. 10,000 BC to 1000 AD; (3) Medieval Islamic Aggressions and rule in India; (4) British Empire.
Srinivasan Kalyanaraman goes back in time to present a revolutionary re-think on the roots of civilization which led Ancient India to be in the epicentre of a Metals Age Industrial Revolution, dominating an Ancient Maritime Tin Route from Hanoi (Vietnam) to Haifa (Israel) along the Indian Ocean Rim and the navigable riverine Himalayan waterways. This Tin Route which predated the Silk Road by about two millennia rendered possible a truly Eurasian renaissance powered by industrial-scale organisations with a remarkable corporate and social-responsibility form called śreṇi or seafaring merchant guilds and artisan guilds. The evidence he marshals includes translations of over 8000 Indus Script inscriptions (a decipherment of Indus hieroglyphs and language achieved without the aid of a Rosetta Stone) which are wealth accounting ledgers and metalworking catalogues document archives of wealth of nations of Greater Indian civilization, a story narrated by the famous American historian, Will Durant with extraordinary compassion and sharp historical perspective. Nagendra Rao presents a succinct introduction to Sanatana Dharma with an example of an interaction among diverse thought-processes of mankind. These are but glimpses of scintillating thought-provoking enquiries. In summary, the 61 stellar, scholarly contributions constitute a documentation, rendered with academic rigour and integrity, which should be studied and researched further. The book should adorn the shelves of every academic institution of the globe and be read by every citizen of the world.