Saturday, February 28, 2009
Even now, hundreds of bodies of dead officers are still being pulled from mass graves hastily dug by the coup plotters. There need to be some mass-hangings for these perpetrators, as their treason should not go unpunished.
shame on them. we yanks would be so much more true semites if it weren't for these people! true beliefs in the one true god. which one true god, did you say? oh, is that yhwh or jesus or allah? uh, never mind.
ah yes, bobby "exorcist" jindal. he's even worse an idiot than i thought. but i guess he looks like a genius compared to the bubbas.
oh, i do just love this chart. thanks, pew guys.
the relevant portion:
"Under the plan, the Kashmir conflict would have been resolved through the creation of an autonomous region in which local residents could move freely and conduct trade on both sides of the territorial boundary. Over time, the border would become irrelevant, and declining violence would allow a gradual withdrawal of tens of thousands of troops that now face one another across the region's mountain passes."
in other words, taliban would be free to move into jammu and kashmir, and then fan out into the rest of india as "kashmiris". "kashmiri emporia" would blossom everywhere, much like the "churches" being planted everywhere. indian troops would move out of j&k, and pakistani troops woud move in. lo and behold, pakistan gets everything it wanted, and india would be left holding the can again.
amazing that the kkkangress did not manage to ramrod it through. that fat bengali communist speaker would have bullied everyone in parliament who opposed it, screaming "off with his head" and citing them for "contempt of fat-bengali-communist-speaker".
rajiv malhotra: March 15th talk at Arsha Bodha Center, New Jersey: COMMON CONFUSIONS ABOUT THE NEED FOR HINDU IDENTITY
From: Rajiv Malhotra
Dear K, thanks for your email. Below is the info you
requested. (I just got back from India, Cambodia and Thailand,
including attending the Hindu-Buddhist Summit in Cambodia.)
Title: COMMON CONFUSIONS ABOUT THE NEED FOR HINDU IDENTITY
Time and Place: Arsha Bodha Center, New Brunswick, New Jersey. Sunday,
March 15, 2009, from 6:00 to 7:00 pm.
Abstract: Hindu leaders and the community have often confused the
universal truths of Hinduism with abandonment of a distinct identity.
Some have even argued that any identity being nama-rupa and mithya, is
therefore contrary to dharma. Others have feared that identity brings
conflict, because they have falsely assumed that religious identity is
inherently disrespectful of other faiths. Still others regard being
Hindu as un-American. This talk will refute several common
misunderstandings. It will show that such attitudes are
counterproductive in today's social environment and have put dharma
under threat, with some parts becoming digested into various other
religions, including un-dharmic ones, and other parts becoming
distorted and demonized out of existence. Dharmic living in the
practical world requires performing various identity-based roles in
our daily lives, and there is no reason to run away from the role of
protecting dharma in the modern kurukshetra, and transmitting it
authentically to future generations. The widespread confusion arises
from the cut-and-paste and ad hoc mixing of elements picked from
Vedanta's teachings of ultimate reality, and applying these in an
escapist manner to life within the provisional phenomenal reality in
which karma and dharma must operate. The arguments used in the talk
are supported by the teachings of Hinduism from various exemplars such
as Adi Shankara, Swami Vivekananda, Sri Aurobindo, Gandhi and numerous
others, and by Hindu texts including Upanishads, dharmashastras, Gita
Bio: Rajiv Malhotra took early retirement at age 45 from a successful
career in Information Techniology where he had worked as a corporate
executive, management consultant, and enterpreneur of businesses in
emerging countries. He became a philanthropist with his own funds and
started the Infinity Foundation. For the past 15 years he has run this
on a full-time basis. This Foundation's vision is to encourage a type
of multiculturalism and globalization in which non-Western
civilizations are given equal respect. Its special focus is on Indian
civilization and its future both inside and outside India. The
Foundation has given over 300 grants for research and education to
major institutions and individual scholars. It has also organized
several conferences and scholarly events in USA and India. Its range
of research, education and related activities may be seen at:
Mr. Malhotra is Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Center for
Indic Studies, University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth. He serves on
the Board of the New Jersey Chapter of the American Red Cross. He was
appointed by the former governor of New Jersey State on the
Asian-American Commission where he served as chairman of the Asian
Studies committee. He is a member of the External Advisory Board of
Computer Sciences at New Jersey Institute of Technology. He writes and
speaks regularly on a variety of topics concerning the Indian American
Diaspora, the traditions and cultures of India, globalization, and
From: Xinhua Ram
Xinhua Ram saw this story on the BBC News website and thought you
should see it.
** Tibetan monk 'shot' while on fire **
A Tibetan monk is shot after setting fire to himself during a protest against Beijing's rule, reports say.
< http://news.bbc.co.uk/go/em/fr/-/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/7916544.stm >
The congress-led UPA government is spending crores of our hard-earned tax-payers money in newspapers advertisements.
But, these seem to be their real achievements:
A: Afzal guru not hanged by the congress government inspite of SC order.
B: Bomb blasts happen in hundreds, in 5 years of Congress misrule.
C: Cost of living and food prices rise, making life difficult for Aam aadmi.
D: Dr manmohan singh says muslims have first right to India's resources.
E: Economy and business suffer like never before.
F: Farmer suicides continue. Where did our money for 'farmers loan waiver' go?
G: Gujarat police has to provide evidence to enable SIMI ban to continue.
H: Home Minister shivraj patil kicked out only after 4.5 years of sleep and 26/11.
I: India bullied by china, but NO diplomatic response by the government.
J: Jihadis offered pension in Kashmir by the congress government.
K: karunanidhi and congress insult Lord Ram and call Ram-setu a fake.
L: LeT becomes a household name, before congress forced to re-do POTA.
M: Media makes Hindu bashing a fashion.
N: Naxalism active in 165 districts of India.
O: Orissa conversions/maoism cause Hindu saint's death.
P: Padmashri awards not given to Olympic winners.
Q: Quattarochi is helped to escape. Jai Mata Rome (sonia gandhi).
R: Report by Sachar committee advocates more minority appeasement.
S: SP's amar singh calls Batla house encounter a fake.
T: Torture of Sadhvi Pragnya sanctioned by congress government.
U: UK rule over India was good for India, says PM Dr manmohan singh.
V: Vande Mataram NOT SUNG by PM and sonia gandhi. National shame.
W: Wheat imported by Sharad Pawar not fit for cattle.
X: (e)Xtremism bleeds our country. Soft approach on terror hurts us.
Y: YS Rajsekher Reddy sanctions subsidy for christians to visit Jerusalem.
Z: Zero development in fields like electricity generation, highways, etc.
until just the other day, musharraf was the irreplaceable ally, without whom the place would -- horrors -- be fundamentalized. the fact that musharraf was chief fundamentalist himself seems to have escaped the yanks. nowt that he's gone, zardari is the new irreplaceable ally.
the yanks will never learn. or, more likely, they are deliberately hiding their heads in the sand, perpetrating the fictions that
a) pakistan is an actual country, not a state that has ceased to exist
b) it is an 'ally' in the war on terror, rather than the perpetrator of almost all mohammedan terror
c) if you thrown more money at pakistan (ie. the ISI, aka the taliban), it will miraculously do anything other than kill indians in more imaginative ways
d) the aqkhan nuclear wal-mart and chinese active participation in proliferation through that, and CIA connivance in it, don't matter
e) the CIA is smarter than the pakistanis in running with the hares and hunting with the hounds.
sorry, all these are pure fantasies.
yank motives in keeping these alive are obscure. i am inclined to think this is related to the "international condom" theory (courtesy: tariq ali, a pakistani briton) of how the us uses pakistan and then tosses it in the trash.
much better, it would seem, the old way: recycle your own personal waste in septic tanks, or just plain holes in the ground which recycle the nutrients. heck, even the rows of indians doing their thing in the fields may be doing the right thing for the planet.
30% of all the water used goes to flushing toilets! remarkable.
yet more ways in which white guys' habits are killing us :-) take that, danny "covered in shit" boyle!
Is Mexico then becoming another Pakistan? Another failing state?
Given the US history of intimate familiarity with the Mexican security apparatus, I hope they don't ultimately wind up falling back on Predator drone strikes, while the Mexican govt signs peace treaties with drug cartels, to restore peace in "Mexico's Switzerland" :P
Friday, February 27, 2009
From: VOI Features
Date: Fri, Feb 27, 2009 at 11:30 PM
Subject: Voice of India Features Newsletter - 01 March 2009
along the same lines, kuwaiti professor weighs in on the wonders of anthrax and the bliss of large-scale killing of civilians
China's rural consumers
Pretend you're a Westerner
Feb 19th 2009 | BEIJING
From The Economist print edition
Buy something you can't afford
...The BJP on Wednesday asked the Government to approach Swiss banks to procure the details of Indians who have parked their money in foreign banks flouting various norms.
...He also asked why the Government was silent on the letters written by the Leader of the Opposition LK Advani to the Prime Ministers on this issue...
...The former Union Minister quoting different reports suggested that the amount deposited by Indians in Swiss banks would run in into several trillion US$, which; if brought back, would change the fortune of the country by completely overhauling its finances...
Thursday, February 26, 2009
... the D-word:
"Awful. He walked out like an earnest dork and has a weird inflection, trying to sound upbeat and sunny when it's clearly not his natural [meter]. It sounds false, and he looks false.
"I don't care how much of a star Jindal is, America doesn't elect somewhat-off dorks as president."
That really sums it up. Jindal is a dork.
That's probably why he converted - because of the dork's yearning need for social acceptance.
His cringe-inducing performance on national television only brought it into focus.
Shades of American Idol's Sanjaya fused with Mr Rogers:
Not since Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis took a ride on a tank, has an aspirant to national office made himself look so lame in a single appearance.
Communal tension in Rourkela
26 Feb 2009
ROURKELA: Members of Christian community in Kukuda village near
Lanjiberna in Rajgangpur assembly constituency protested the move to
set up a temple in the village.
Subject: For SG and GT: Reminiscences: Serving with the Indian Army in
Sri Lanka - by a former Head, Intelligence, IPKF 1987-1990
ORIGINAL ARTICLE in TAMIL WEEKLY:
Reminiscences: Serving with the Indian Army in Sri Lanka
By Col. R. Hariharan
"Meet this Army officer. He is the man who killed our son," the middle
aged man pointed at me as he introduced me to his wife. My wife was
shocked. But I knew his pain, so I was nonchalant. It happened in 1989
in my own home in Chennai. I knew them quite well in Jaffna. In fact,
their house was the first one I visited when I set foot on the red
earth of Jaffna on August 5, 1987 as part of the Indian Peace Keeping
Force. His 18-year old son was also there. The handsome young fellow
was a "Tamil Tiger" of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. In Jaffna
everybody called them "Boys."
Unbridled Human Rights And Unrestrained Personal Freedom
The social, moral and economic aspects of personal 'freedom' and individual rights are brilliantly discussed in these two columns of the New Indian Express of 26 February 2009
Are the West's current financial problems due to excessive emphasis on them?
'Chaddis' and liberation
By Anil Chawla
New Indian Express, 26 Feb 2009
Events in the past few weeks have forced rethinking about various women issues. Are the women who sit in pubs sipping cool drinks truly liberated? If sipping drinks in a pub is liberation, then why is dancing in bars not? Can we in a broad manner equate "liberated" with "loose"? Does liberation actually mean the liberty to do all that one can imagine without any moral hang-ups? Of course, the related question that rises up is whether 'being liberated' is desirable, or in other words, ethically and socially good? No, I am not getting into a philosophical discourse. Let me start with a small story.
The writer is an engineer by qualification, a philosopher by vocation and a management consultant by profession.
The disaster of 'me, me'
By S Gurumurthy
New Indian Express, 26 Feb 2009
This happened in Mangalore as February 14 — now marketed as Valentine's Day by traders to sell their wares — was approaching.
Upset with public drinking by boys and girls, a freak by name Pramod Muthalik got mad. He got some of them in a pub beaten up like their parents would do, but unlike them. He had informed the media about his show so that the news cameras were in place to telecast the Muthalik action everywhere. Thus the Muthalik show was a joint venture between him and the media to keep away the state police, which could spoil the show. Predictably, the whole world pounced on poor Yeddyurappa who heads the BJP government in Karnataka for allowing Muthalik to take the law into his hands. The BJP, ever torn between its love of Hindu culture and its desire for a modern image, was greatly embarrassed. With the BJP in power in Karnataka, Muthalik knew the publicity value of his show. Had he enacted his theatre elsewhere, like when the Shiv Sena raided pubs years ago in Mumbai and Pune under the 'secular' Congress rule, it would have been far less noisy.
what, me worry? obama lavishes money on pakistan, never mind the aqkhan pardon, nor the capitulation to the taliban in swat
If I were the Republicans, I would have gone with an Hispanic candidate. Their raw demographic numbers are even greater than the AfAm community, and that's what wins elections.
Wednesday, February 25, 2009
"There are three categories of place--Dar-ul Harb (abode of war), Dar-ul Islam (abode of Islam) and Dar-ul Aman (abode of peace)--The first two are not applicable to India so it's the third one which is relevant here," Madrasi said.
Finally, confirmation of what we had always suspected. Where there is no war or Islam, that place is the abode of peace. The fly in the ointment is that the same place can be described in different ways at different times, and the third may be transformed, with time and "striving" (no marks for guessing that!) into one of the first two.
Christian Evangelist Producer Using Islam to Batter Hinduism
Danny Boyle, maker of the film Slumdog Millionaire, is evidently a committed Christian, the kind who is usually keen to advance the interests of his faith. The agenda of his Catholic Church is to convert Hindu India into a Christian enclave like the Republic of Korea , which is apparently what Slumdog Millionaire wishes to further by portraying the grimly violent nature of Hindus.
And of course the West and their lowly scum politicians (from Lord Morley and Lord Wavell to whippersnapper Miliband) have long used Islam as the battering ram with which to undermine Hindus.
This explains Boyle's espousal of the Teesta Setalvad version of the fate of Muslims in India in the film, also the excuse of Pakistanis terrorists for killing Hindus. I am glad Vikas Swarup made more than the standard thirty pieces of silver for selling India down the river since I remember him pretending to be a militant patriot when he was a diplomat in London . But, hey, the money, was too good to turn down and he got to become friends with the pucca, gora sahib and Hindu-baiter, extraordinaire William Dalrymple!
And of course the fierce evangelical NDTV and the execrable Barkha were all over Boyle earlier this evening.
3 Hindu Meitei officials battered to death by Christian Nagas in Manipur; 3 abducted Christian officials unharmed may be complicit in the massacre (Photographs)
3 Hindu Meitei officials battered to death by Christian Nagas in Manipur
3 abducted Christian officials unharmed, may be complicit in the massacre
Trio battered to death
Imphal, Feb. 17: Hands tied behind their backs and blindfolded, three Manipur government employees were found bludgeoned to death at a deserted place in Senapati district this morning.
The bodies of sub-divisional officer (SDO) Thingnam Kishan Singh, his official driver Aribam Rajen Sharma, and a chainman, Yumnam Token Singh, all from Imphal West district, were found on the bank of a canal at Taphou, 6km south of Senapati police station.
The bodies were spotted by villagers who then informed police.
The police said all three were hit on the head with stones and other weapons. A bloodstained small boulder and a blood-soaked spade were found on the spot. "This is the most brutal form of murder," a police official said.
The three employees of the state revenue department, posted at Kasom Khullen in Ukhrul district, went missing since February 14. They had left the district headquarters in a Gypsy for Kasom Khullen, in the interior of the district, in view of a visit by works minister T. Ranjit Singh that day. They were accompanied by three other officials, Ramsing Tangkhul, Ramthing Tangkhul and Khamkhasing Zimik, also posted in Ukhrul.
A relative of the SDO, Shantikumar Singh, said: "Kishan left home on Friday. He was supposed to come back the next day. When he failed to come back, we went to Ukhrul yesterday to find out (why he had not returned). Officials at the district headquarters said they were missing."
The police said the whereabouts of the other three employees were still unknown and the vehicle the officials took to Kasom Khullen had also not been recovered.
The police could not name any group or individual behind the abduction and murder, but suspect that a hill-based militant group could be behind the incident.
"We have registered a case at Ukhrul police station. We are investigating the case. There is no clue to the identity of the group or perpetrators," R. Sudan, SDO, Ukhrul, said over phone.
The families and relatives of the three victims formed a joint action committee during a meeting at the SDO's residence in Nagamapal in Imphal city this evening. They demanded an inquiry into the killings and punishment to the culprits.
The convenor of the committee, Sapam Subhankar, said they would call a 48-hour statewide strike from midnight tonight. The committee alleged that NSCN (Isak-Muivah) cadres were behind the incident.
Protesters also blocked Singjamei Road and Nagamapal Road, the localities of the other two deceased this evening.
Chief minister Okram Ibobi Singh reviewed the situation with top security officials and the cabinet this evening.
Three other subordinate staff of the SDO who were abducted along with the slain officials were rescued by police and Assam Rifles on February 21 from Ukhrul.
The funeral procession of the SDO and his two subordinate staff heads towards a common cremation ground near Cheirap Court in Imphal on Monday. (PTI)
The other three missing officials were rescued from Ukhrul on Saturday and they are being interrogated
People participating in a procession in Imphal area on Monday, February 23 while carrying the dead bodies of the late SDO and his two staff before conducting the last rites.Three Manipur government employee were found murdered at Senapati district (Lukharabi Thong) near Paphou Kuki village who were killed by NSCN (IM) Cadre. (UB PHOTO)
Showing their solidarity over the killing of the SDO Kasom Khullen and his two officials, thousands turned out to mourn and participated in the last rites.
Prior to the last rites the bodies of the officials were taken to their respective residences for floral tribute marching through a tight security measures arrangement to prevent any violent incident. During the homeward procession participants and well wishers displayed banner and placards which read, "Every single drop of their blood is a wake up call", "Stop peace talk with terrorists", "Let us defend our life, freedom and land", "Who is next? Enough is enough", etc. The three deceased were then cremated at the Gandhi Ghat, Uripok in Imphal West.
Tuesday, February 24, 2009
The Evil Job-Stealing Urine-Drinking Wife-beating Hindoo Menace!
In the 15 years since the H-1B began, a strong U.S.-based Indian diaspora has emerged, in part because of the visa program, to become one of America's most successful minority groups. It has also become politically powerful within India. Many Indians in the U.S. are strong supporters of the Bharatiya Janata Party, leader of the opposition to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's government; U.S.-based Indians often make donations to BJP causes and lobby through its parent body, the Vishwa Hindu Parishad (Global Alliance of Hindus). Courting nonresident Indians has been a consistent fundraising tactic for the BJP and VHP, especially since a large proportion of the Indian diaspora in the U.S. comes from Gujarat, a state north of Mumbai where the BJP holds power and is more popular than elsewhere in the country.
So as news trickled in about the provision in the stimulus bill, political groups in India swung into action. The VHP first asked India's External Affairs Minister Pranab Mukherjee to see if he could arrange for Indians losing their H-1Bs to have more than the regulated 30 days to leave the U.S., allowing them to sell their houses and settle their affairs with more flexibility. A spokesman for Mukherjee says no action has been taken on that letter.
Call for a Boycott
Then, the VHP decided on a more popular approach, calling for Indian consumers to boycott the goods of 14 U.S. multinationals. Praveen Togadia, general secretary of the VHP, declines to share the list of the companies the group plans on targeting. He says a boycott is justified. "If these policies hurt Indians abroad, then we have to take steps to hurt American companies in India," he says. "The reaction must be strong, or else who knows if the legally resident Indians in the U.S. are one day thrown out."
Unlike the BJP, the Indian government is trying to take a less confrontational approach, with New Delhi taking what the Overseas Indian Affairs Ministry calls a "holistic view" of the visa issue.
Monday, February 23, 2009
muzzammil hassan, the man who 'improved' the image of mohammedans in the US: Wife alive during beheading?
he set up the TV station after 9/11 to "improve the image of mohammedans".
the honor killing is surely a case of unintended consequences: there is irony in a fellow who was looking to improve the brand seriously hurting their brand via a "honor killing".
and beheading is a typical mohammedan act of violence. remember daniel pearl? or the dutch filmmaker van gogh. and innumerable people in india, including the norwegian tourist christian ostroe, decapitated by "poor misunderstood kashmiris" 15 years ago. (he was among a group of whites kidnapped by jihadis in kashmir. the one american in the group mysteriously 'escaped'! the others were either decapitated or never found. i can't find a pointer on the web, except my old column with a little reference to it. http://www.rediff.com/news/1999/jun/14rajee1.htm )
CAIR seems to approve of hassan. and i'm sure they'll find high-powered lawyers to bail hassan out based on "multiculturalism"
Date: Tue, Feb 24, 2009 at 10:29 AM
Subject: Wife alive during beheading? -WorldNet Daily
By Chelsea Schilling
February 23, 2009
10:10 pm Eastern
From: Brahma Chellaney
A Dangerous Plan for Afghanistan
Obama's about to repeat a Soviet-era mistake.
By BRAHMA CHELLANEY | Wall Street Journal FEBRUARY 24, 2009
President Barack Obama has unveiled a troop surge in Afghanistan that will put 17,000 more American soldiers on the ground. But his plan still lacks clarity on how to save a faltering military mission.
His administration risks repeating the very mistakes that have come to haunt the security of the free world. In the same way the United States created mujahedeen (holy warriors) by funneling billions of dollars worth of arms to them in the 1980s, Washington has now embarked on a plan to establish local militias in various Afghan provinces.
The U.S. covert war against the nine-year Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan helped create Frankensteins like Osama bin Laden and Mullah Mohammad Omar. That war, fuelled by the CIA, contributed to the jihad culture that today plagues Afghanistan and Pakistan. Now, while trying to salvage the overt war that the U.S. has waged in Afghanistan since 2001, Mr. Obama is unwittingly seeking to repeat history.
Sunday, February 22, 2009
Saturday, February 21, 2009
Islamism's accidental midwives
Feb. 18, 2009
SETH J. FRANTZMAN , THE JERUSALEM POST
The rise of Islamism may have had no greater unintentional allies than the British Empire up until 1948 - and communism afterwards. This sounds surprising, as the British Empire is generally seen as founded on Christian Anglican values, and nothing seems more anathema to communism than religion.
But while the professed values and foundations of British imperialism and communism would militate against Islamism's rise, the actual practices of the two regimes led to conditions under which it grew and gained converts.
The British Empire contained many millions of Muslims. It tended to colonize countries on the periphery of Islam, such as India and the Sudan, where Muslims had gained inroads or where Islamic colonial regimes, such as the Mughals, had long held sway. Unlike the French in North Africa, the British Empire had within it the power to roll back the imposition of Islamic law and protect non-Islamic minorities.
But while the British Empire did perform admirably in ending the Islamic Arab slave trade in West Africa through colonizing Zanzibar, the slave traders' capital, it was not as successful a protector of non-Muslims in the Sudan, Egypt, Iraq or Palestine.
IN THE SUDAN the British had the opportunity to help the local pagan and Christian Africans in the south form their own autonomous government. In fact, given the history of the Sudanese Mahdi's Islamist extremism, which led to the death of British Gen. Gordon at Khartoum in 1885 and the battle of Omdurman in 1898, the British should have understood the threat that Islamism posed to minorities. But Britain did the opposite, forcing Sudan into a federation with Egypt until Sudan gained independence in 1956.
At that point, southern Sudan, predominantly African and Christian, was forced to give up its autonomy and become part of newly independent Arab Islamist Sudan. Civil war and genocide have been the bane of Sudan ever since.
In Iraq, the minority Assyrian and Chaldean Christian community were originally armed by the British as auxiliaries in the 1920s. But when England handed the country over to King Faisal in the 1930s, Assyrians were massacred.
In Palestine, the British pledge to the Jews was undermined by the 1939 White Paper restricting Jewish immigration; the country was partitioned eight years later into two states, one with a bare majority of Jews and the other entirely Arab and mostly Muslim.
INDIA PRESENTS a further example of the way in which British rule unintentionally furthered the goals of states and ideologies that would become centers of Islamism. Originally the British seemed to save Hindus and Sikhs in India from Mughal Muslim domination. England fought wars against Muslim potentates such as Tipu Sultan of Mysore in 1799.
But Britain also destroyed the non-Muslim independent states in wars against the Hindu Marathas and Sikhs. In the laws enacted by the British in the 19th and 20th centuries in India, Shari'a family law was enshrined by Britain in its colonial legal system.
In general, the British, out of a desire to be paternalistic, attempted to reform and "modernize" laws affecting the Hindus, but specifically exempted Muslims from such laws so as not to engender mass protests by the Muslim community.
In the Partition of India in 1947, the Muslim League's demand for a state was met, while that of the Sikhs was denied.
The result was the creation of Pakistan (which included Bangladesh at the time) and the mass movement of some 14 million Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims across the partition border.
More than 500,000 died in ethnic-cleansing on both sides. In Pakistan, the few remaining minorities have faced increasing discrimination and the imposition of Shari'a law.
COMMUNISM in Russia, Yugoslavia, Ethiopia and China followed a similar pattern. While there were examples of Muslim minorities, such as the Chechens, being brutalized by communism, overall, Islam did well under such regimes.
The Chinese have been forbidden to have more than one child since 1979. However, Chinese Muslim minorities such as the Hui and the Uighur are allowed to have more than one child under the idea that children are central to their religion, as if the same were not true of Chinese Buddhists and Christians.
The Soviet Union pursued a similar policy in regards to religion. While the Orthodox Church and Jewish religion were suppressed, churches turned into museums and synagogues turned into government buildings, Islam was never subjected to such extreme degradation. Although the use of the veil was proscribed in Central Asia, Islam thrived in other ways, especially because it was seen as part of the "national" characteristic of the Central Asian and Caucasian Soviet Republics.
In Yugoslavia, a similar policy was embarked upon in Kosovo and Bosnia, and the result was the ethnic-religious wars of the 1990s in which Islamist Mujahadeen, including members of Al-Qaida, came to Bosnia to join the Jihad. Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh, the leader of the group that beheaded Daniel Pearl, was among them.
Ethiopian communism suppressed the Ethiopian Orthodox church, but ignored the rise of Islamism in parts of Ethiopia, such as among the Oromo and their Islamic Front for the Liberation of Oromia. Thus communism did not support a rise in Islamism but served unintentionally as its incubator in some cases. Communist atheist zeal usually assaulted the majority religions its leaders were familiar with, such as Orthodoxy and Buddhism, ignoring Islam and the growth of Islamist groups.
THE BRITISH EMPIRE's decision to give in to Muslim nationalist and proto-Islamist demands, and its unwillingness to meddle with Shari'a law, had catastrophic consequences for non-Muslim minorities such as the Copts, Assyrians, Sikhs and African Christians, who were abandoned in policies designed to avoid social unrest.
British partition plans in Palestine and India led to the ethnic-cleansing of Jews, Hindus and Sikhs, while minorities in Sudan who had enjoyed autonomy were forced to live under regimes which suppressed them and became increasingly intolerant of their beliefs.
Communism pursued similar policies. Most often seeing the church as a greater threat than the mosque, it viciously destroyed national churches, ignoring the rise of Islamist and Wahhabi preaching in its midst. When communism declined and fell, Islamism went on the march: from Eritrea, Bosnia, Chechnya and Central Asia to Western China.
While the policies of the British Empire and communism were in no way shaped to support the spread of Islamism, the fall of both had the unintentional affect of creating states that have provided safe havens for its growth.
The writer, a PhD student in geography at the Hebrew University, contributes to the Canadian Jewish News, Frontpage magazine and Middle East Quarterly and runs the Terra Incognita blog. (firstname.lastname@example.org)